Fossil fuels are a relatively inexpensive but finite domestic resource. In addition, burning of fossil fuels is a major contributor to carbon emissions, which have been linked to climate changes. Gasification utilizes biological sources for fuel and chemical production and burns more cleanly than hydrocarbons. Georgia Tech researchers are utilizing gasification processes to develop clean, and renewable energy alternatives for efficient electricity generation and production of chemicals and liquid fuels. Operating in a low-oxygen environment under very high temperatures and pressures, gasification consists of a set of chemical reactions that converts solid carbon containing matter, such as coal or plant-based materials called biomass, municipal waste, or coal, into a synthetic gas, or “syngas.” The syngas can be burned directly or used to produce chemicals and liquid transportation fuels with fewer harmful impurities. The process provides a more efficient and environmentally-friendly method for producing large quantities of energy.